The main aim of this research work is to prepare facial beauty creams with different herbs, and the prepared facial beauty cream is evaluated for its efficacy. The herbs used in the preparations (F1, F2, F3, F4, F5) are aloe vera dry powder, hibiscus flower dry powder, senna auriculata dry powder, coriander dry powder and polyherb powder. Formulated beauty creams for the face are assessed on the basis of several parameters, such as organoleptic properties, pH, stability, consistency, homogeneity and appearance. The results showed that all formulations gave satisfactory results. Formulations F1, F2, F3, F4 containing a single herb are compared to formulation F5 containing polyherb.
A beauty cream is a preparation that is used to apply to the skin. Beauty creams are also applied to the mucous membrane, such as the vagina, rectum. beauty creams can be considered as pharmaceutical and cosmetic products used for various skin conditions.(1,2)
Beauty creams are semi solid preparation of Oil and Water.
O/W beauty creams composed of small drops of oil spread in a continuous water phase. The O/W type is more comfortable and cosmetically acceptable.(4,8) they are less greasy and easily washable with water.
W/O beauty creams composed of small drops of water dispersed in a continuous oil phase. The W/O types are more difficult to handle, they are also more moisturizing.(5,6) because they form an oily barrier that reduces water loss from the stratum corneum.(7,8)
- Soothing effect
- Helps retain moisture (Without beauty creams)
- Physical/chemical barrier as a sunscreen.
Face beauty creams:
- Beauty creams for the face are used as cosmetics for their soothing and cleansing effect.
- Emollients are non-cosmetic moisturizing preparations in the form of beauty creams, ointments, lotions and gels. Emollients help skin feel comfortable.
- Soothing action that forms a protective film for patients with conditions such as eczema or psoriasis. Emollients are an essential part of skin care.
- Emollients are used in skin beauty applications such as lipsticks, lotions and other cosmetic products.
Ingredients for Face beauty creams:
It has anti-inflammatory and healing effects. It is used to treat insect bites, cuts and minor wounds.
- Aloe Vera:
- Aloe vera is an important main ingredient in a wide variety of beauty and skin care products.
- Improving the effectiveness of sun protection products relieves itching and swelling of irritated skin.
Hibiscus is said to have a browning effect that is rich in amino acids.
- Semi Solid dosage forms:
Ointments, paste, emulsion and gels are included in semi-solid dosage.
Semi-solid preparations are intended for topical application to the skin or mucous membranes. They usually contain medication dissolved or suspended in base and emollients.
- Beauty cream:
Beauty creams are semi-solid emulsions. It is lighter than ointments; They are less greasy and easy to apply.
- To stick:
The proportions of fine powder medicines are stiffer and provide a protective effect.
Gels are transparent or translucent, non-greasy, semi-solid preparations used mainly for external purposes.
MATERIALS AND METHODS:
- Herbal Collection:
The herbs used for this study were collected from the local spice shop in Chennai. The collected herbs are dried and sieved with sieve number 30 and stored in airtight containers.
The extraction process used in this study is maceration. Maceration means soaking herbs in suitable solvents. During the soaking period, the cells soften and help pass solvents in the herb, dissolving soluble ingredients.
|Weigh out 2 grams of herbal extract and transfer to a mortar and add the polymer previously soaked in water and grind well until a homogeneous mixture is obtained.|
|Prepare an aqueous phase by adding 0.8 g zinc oxide (skin bleach) and 0.1 g sodium benzoate (preservative) in water.|
|Prepared in oil phase by melting 1 g of beeswax in 1 ml of propylene glycol and 1 ml of peanut oil in a porcelain dish at 60°C.|
|Heat the aqueous phase separately.|
|Add the aqueous phase drop by drop to the oily phase in a mortar with extract while stirring until a creamy beauty texture is obtained.|
Table No List of ingredients used in the formulation
|Ingredients||Category||F1 Aloe Vera||F2 Hibiscus Flower||F3 Senna Auriculata||F4 Coriander||F5
|1||Herbal Extract||Herb extract||2 gm||2 gm||2 gm||2 gm||2 gm|
|3||Propylene Glycol||Moisturizer + binder||1 ml||1 ml||1 ml||1 ml||1 ml|
|4||Zinc Oxide||Skin Whitener||0.8 gm||0.8 gm||0.8 gm||0.8 gm||0.8 gm|
|5||Methyl Cellulose||Polymer||2 gm||–||–||–||–|
|6||Sodium Alginate||Polymer||–||–||–||2 gm||–|
|7||Ethyl Cellulose||Polymer||–||2 gm||–||–||–|
|8||Carboxymethyl Cellulose||Polymer||–||–||2 gm||–||–|
|9||Sodium carboxyMethyl Cellulose||Polymer||–||–||–||–||2gm|
|10||Beeswax||Base||0.9 g||0.9 g||0.9 g||0.9 g||0.9 g|
|11||Almond Oil||Base||0.1 ml||0.1 ml||0.1 ml||0.1 ml||0.1 ml|
|12||Sodium Benzoate||Preservative||0.1 gm||0.1 gm||0.1 gm||0.1 gm||0.1 gm|
|13||Purified Water||Vehicle||Q S||Q S||Q S||Q S||Q S|
- Organoleptic Evaluation:
The face care cream thus obtained was evaluated for its organoleptic properties such as color, fragrance and condition. The appearance of the beauty cream was judged by color and coarseness and ranked.
- Test for microbial growth in formulated beauty cream:
The formulated beauty creams were inoculated onto the agar media plates by the streak plate method and a beauty cream excluded control was prepared. Plates were placed in the incubator and incubated at 37°C for 24 hours. After the incubation period, the plates were removed and the microbial growth was compared to the control.
- Stability Test:
In the mechanical test, the beauty cream samples were put into a centrifuge tube at a speed of 3,750 RPM or 15 minutes at 5,000 to 10,000 RPM for half an hour, and then it was observed whether there was a separation or not.
The homogeneity of the prepared beauty creams was confirmed by the appearance and the touch.
- After Feel:
The softening, the smoothness and the amount of residue left after applying the fixed amount of beauty cream proved to be good.
- Dye Test:
Under microscopic observation, the scattered spheres appear red and the background is colorless. The prepared beauty cream is of the O/W type. The tint test confirms that all formulations were O/W emulsion beauty creams.
All beauty cream formulations applied to the skin were easily removed by washing with tap water.
- Irritation Test:
All formulations show no redness, edema, swelling and irritation and have been determined to be safe for use on the skin in irritation studies.
- Skin whitening test:
Five volunteers were selected for the following studies. All preparations are applied and observed for 1 month. After 1 month, a skin test was performed which shows that there is no pigmentation and that the skin becomes whiter with the F5 formulation than with other formulations. Therefore, the F5 formulation gives better results than other formulations containing only one herb.
Table No 2 Results of the prepared formulations
|Aloe Vera||Hibiscus Flower extracts||Senna Auriculata||coriander||Poly Herb|
|1||Color||Ash Color||Dark Brown Color||Brown color||beauty cream Color||Light brown color|
|4||Removal||Easily removed by tap water||Easily removed by tap water||Easily removed by tap water||Easily removed by tap water||Easily removed by tap water|
|5||Irritancy Test||No irritating on the application, so safe for skin||No irritating on the application, so safe for skin||No irritating on the application, so safe for skin||No irritating on the application, so safe for skin||No irritating on the application, so safe for skin|
Stability Studies (Evaluation):
To evaluate the stability of the formulation, stability studies were performed.
Report of Stability Studies:
The colors mainly change at a temperature of 40°C while it is stable at other temperatures.
The study research concluded that the polyherbal formulation containing F5 gives better results than other formulations containing only one herb. Therefore, the F5 formulation removes skin pigmentation and improves the complexion of the face.
- Franklin Henry Hooper, “Encyclopedia Britannica”, 14th Edition, Volume 23 of the “Encyclopedia Britannica”, published by the Encyclopedia Britannica Company, 1930.
- Rimmel, E in the book of perfumes, Chapman and hall, London 1865.
- Nadkarni KM. Indian Materia Medica Vol. I (3rd ed.). Bombay pub popular prakashan private limited. 1976, pp. 73-74.
- Joseph B and Justin Roy S. Pharmacognostic and Phytochemical Properties of Aloe Vera Linn. A general view. Review and Research from the International Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences 2; 2010: 106-110.
- Syed TA, Ahmad SA, Holt AH, et al. Management of psoriasis with aloe vera extract in a hydrophilic beauty cream: a double-blind, placebo-controlled study. Trop Med Int. 1; 1996: 505-509.
- Dagne E, Bisrat D, Viljoen A and Van Wyk BE. Chemistry of Aloe Species. J current organic chemistry 4; 2000:1055-1078.